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The Reasons for Flanged Gate Valves Leakage

In the practical use of the flanged gate valves, it may leak. Why does it happen? Is there some way to avoid it? Let's share the reasons for the leakage of the flanged gate valves.

Ⅰ. Leakage in the flange position of the flanged gate valves

The flanged gate valves leak at the position where the valve stem is sealed, that is the position of the middle flange. First, check whether the bolts of the middle flange are loose, especially the flanged gate valves and pneumatic stop valve equipped with the actuator, and the stop valve in the pipeline with strong water hammer phenomenon.

During the use of such a pipeline, the vibration is very strong, which easily causes the bolts of the flanged gate valves to loosen, and the sealing packing is loosened, causing the dynamic seal at the valve stem to fail. It is also possible that the quality of the packing is poor, and the seal fails and leaks during long-term friction with the valve stem. The inhibitor of no corrosion is added to the packing, which will cause the stem to corrode, and it will also cause the valve stem seal to fail and leak.

In this case, it is necessary to replace the filler that has been used for a long time, aged and damaged. The packing should be installed according to the specified number of turns, the gland should be tightened symmetrically and evenly, and the pressure sleeve should have a pre-tightening clearance of more than 5mm.

Ⅱ. Leakage of the body and bonnet of flanged gate valves

Leakage of valve body and valve cover may be caused by defects such as blisters, loose structure and slag inclusions in the castings. Since the defect is not particularly serious, there is no problem in the inspection during the factory pressure test.

In the later use process, under the action of medium pressure and scouring, the defects of the casting itself were enlarged, and the flanged gate valves leaked. In this case, spot welding can be performed on the defective part, or it can be directly sent back to the manufacturer for repair.

Ⅲ. Leakage of the sealing surface of the flanged gate valves

The leakage of the sealing surface of the flanged gate valves is commonly referred to as the internal leakage of the globe valve. The sealing surface of the globe valve and the direction of the flow passage of the medium are vertical, and the sealing is horizontal. Therefore, if there are particles and hard objects in the medium, it is easy to remain on the sealing surface.

When closed, it may cause damage to sealing surface of gate valve flange type. In the scouring of the medium, the operation is poor, the closing part is stuck or exceeds the top dead center, and the connection is damaged and broken, which may cause internal leakage of the globe valve.

Although the globe valve is a mandatory sealing valve and it is getting tighter, it must be operated correctly. The closing valve should not be too forceful, and the opening valve should not exceed the top dead center. After the valve is fully opened, the handwheel should be reversed a little.

The seat seal is damaged, and this needs to be reground. If the valve core is damaged, it depends on whether it is damaged by scouring or by the impact of the medium, but both must be repaired and welded on the sealing surface of the flanged gate valves.

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